From the outside, piles of cinderblock, yellow cranes, and giant beams jutting out from the ground might seem like a construction site. However, did you know there are actually multiple building construction types?
Despite looking the same, each construction site has a different collection of materials, building codes, and architectural designs. Most of the building structures are categorized into five types. This helps to reveal further information on the construction project.
In this blog, we’ll cover the five primary types of building construction sites.
What are the 5 Building Construction Types?
Consider the different types of building construction on a scale from one to five. Some projects are made using strong supplies. In contrast, others use synthetic plastic and lumber to reduce the overall cost. On the one hand, the price decreases but on the other, safety hazards increase.
Nonetheless, coming back to the scale of one to five, Type 1 is the strongest construction type. It can resist fire and is made of solid materials. Type 5, though, is the exact opposite. It uses lightweight and combustible materials.
Below is a list of all the five building construction types for you to get better acquainted with.
Type 1 ― Fire Resistive
Type 1 buildings are constructed from a special kind of concrete and steel. These materials have a fire-resistant coating that covers them. This is what essentially makes them susceptible to collapse or fire damage. Not to mention, type 1 buildings come with special HVAC systems that minimize risks altogether. Since most commercial spaces or high-rise housing schemes are made following the type 1 structure, they can go up to 75 feet tall.
Type 2 ― Non-Combustible
When you see a box-shaped building, that’s likely to be built using a type 2 structure. These buildings have an in-built fire suppression system and can resist burns for up to one to two hours. Although, it mainly depends on the materials used. In most cases, the walls vary from tilt-slab construction to reinforced masonry. The concrete and metal in the roof are lightweight and prevent the building from combusting.
Type 3 ― Ordinary
Schools, business offices, and houses are often identified as type 3 buildings. Depending on the time they were built, these buildings can either have a strong roof or a weaker, more modern one. When non-combustible masonry and fire-cut joists come together, the walls get stronger than before. This is why, in the case of an emergency, the floor might collapse faster than the walls.
Type 4 ― Heavy Timber
Although type 4 buildings are now outdated, they were built using large pieces of lumber before the 1960s. Commonly, factories, old churches, and barns with roof spans fit into this category. Although most such buildings are made with wood and are combustible, they can stand their ground fairly well.
Type 5 ― Wood Frame
Modern housing tends to support type 5 structures. The materials they’re built with are cheap. This is why in case of a fire or damage, the building is quick to collapse. Nonetheless, the walls and the roof are made entirely of lightweight, as well as structurally sound wood. This is what makes it such a systematic design.
Where to Get The Best Construction Services?
All in all, if you’re looking for a reliable and safe company that offers multiple building construction types, look no further. Q Recycling Construction has exactly what you need. Simply dial (832) 263-0152 and request a quote today.